Meibomian glands are the important oil-secreting glands located within our eyelids. Oil from the meibomian glands is secreted along the margin of the eyelid and into the tear film to prevent our tears from evaporating.
Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD) is the term used to describe problems with the meibomian glands secreting the proper quantity and quality of oil into the tear film. In some cases, the oil may become thicker than normal, blocking the narrow ducts that empty at the eyelid margin.
Meibomian Gland Dysfunction is quite common and is often misdiagnosed as dry eye from other causes or Blepharitis. Even when diagnosed properly, treatments are frequently ineffective, resulting in chronic and severe cases.
- Burning or dry sensation that is worse in the morning
- Foamy tears
- Fluctuating vision
- Thickened and red lid margins
- Frequent chalazions or styes
Treatments (varying depending on the specifics of the condition)
- Intense Pulsed Light – this is the newest most effective method and works to cure the cause rather than just treat the symptoms
- Warm compresses (to liquefy any secretions that have solidified and are clogging the glands)
- Lid washes
- Chronic use of oral antibiotics (such as doxycycline)
- Use of Omega 3 supplements Topical antibiotic and /or steroids